From the epical age, begins the historical reference of Agra. In the Mahabharata, Agra was referred to as Agravana. The city has a rich cultural and historical background, which is aptly evident from the innumerable historical monuments all around the city.
Though the Mughal dynasty has lead the heritage of Agra city, numerous other rulers contributed to the rich past of this city. Sultan Sikander Lodhi lead the foundation of his capital in Agra back in 1501 but the city reached the zenith of its glory during the reigns of Akbar, Shah Jahan and Jehangir. It was during this period that the famous fort of all times, the Taj Mahal was built. The post-Mughal era of Agra witnessed the rule of the Jats, Marathas ultimately the British taking over the city.