Delhi, The Capital City of India

Delhi

Overview/ Review

Languages: Hindi, English

When to Visit– September to March

Climate: Summer– 30- 46 C/ Winter- O to 15 c

Monsoon: July to August

 

New Delhi is the capital of India and the seat of the executive, legislative, and judiciary branches of the Government of India. It is also the centre of the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. New Delhi is situated within the metropolis of Delhi and is one of the eleven districts of Delhi National Capital Territory.

History

During Delhi Darbar of 1911, the foundation stone of the city was laid by the then Empire of India, George V. It was designed by British architects, Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker. The new capital was inaugurated on 13 February I93I, by India’s Viceroy Lord Irwin. After India gained independence in 1947, New Delhi was conferred a limited autonomy and was administered by a Chief Commissioner appointed by the Government of India. In 1956, Delhi was converted into a union territory and eventually the Chief Commissioner was replaced by a Lieutenant Governor. The Constitution (Sixty-ninth amendment) Act, 1991 declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi.

 

Food

Chandni Chowk in New Delhi, which is often called the food capital of India, is famous for its street food. The variety consists of snacks, especially chaat. The streets are lined with halwais (sweet-sellers), namkeen wallahs (sellers of savories) and paranthe wallahs (sellers of breads soaked in ghee). The real flavor of the Delhi street food lies in the chaat. The original chaat is a mixture of potato pieces, crispy fried bread, Dahi Bhalla, gram and tangy-salty spices. The mixture is garnished with sour home-made Indian chilly and saunth (dried ginger and tamarind sauce), fresh green coriander leaves and yoghurt. However, there are several other popular variants now, including the one with an Aloo Tikki.

 

Kachori, usually stuffed with pulses and served with potato curry, is another delicacy that makes your mouth water. Jung Bahadur Kachori Wala is perhaps the most famous for its Urad Dal Kachori, which is served with Aloo Subzi. On the sweeter side, Rabdi Faluda is a must.

 

Vendors sell kebabs and tikkas [made of buffalo meat) wrapped in rumali roti [paper-thin bread) at cheap prices. The Mutton Burrahs here are easily the best in the city.

Most Visited Places

  • Qutub Minar
  • Humayun’s tomb
  • Red Fort
  • jantar Mantar
  • fama Masjid
  • Moghul Gardens
  • Lodhi Gardens
  • Lotus Temple

Culture

The culturally rich and diverse population of Delhi has a multi-religional, multicultural and multilingual blend. Cordial demeanor helps in maintaining a very well knit society.

 

Owing to the presence of the vast Indihn bureaucracy and political system New Delhi is a cosmopolitan city. National events such as Republic Day, Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti [Gandhi’s birthday) are celebrated with great enthusiasm in New Delhi. On India’s Independence Day (15 August) the Prime Minister of India addresses the nation from the Red Fort.

 

The Qutub Festival is a cultural event during which performances of musicians and dancers from all over India are showcased at night, with the Qutub Minar as the chosen backdrop of the event. Every year in Delhi other events such as Kite Flying Festival, International Mango Festival and Vasant Panchami [the Spring Festival) are held.

 

Language

The people of Delhi are multi-lingual. The official state language is Hindi. Urdu is the other popular language of the state. Other than these,languages such as Punjabi, Bengali and English are also spoken in some areas.

 

Arts & Crafts

The National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum INHHMJ commonly known as National Crafts Museum in New Delhi is one of the largest crafts museums in India. Bhuta Sculpture Gallery, Tribal & Folk Art, Ritual Craft Gallery, Courtly Craft & Textiles Gallery are on the display part of the permanent galleries in The Crafts Museum. Delhi handicrafts exporters are the manufacturers, wholesale suppliers and exporters of costume, fashion and beaded jewellery. Delhi handicrafts have always promoted the rich Indian culture by way of their art. Their rich artistic work has enabled them to represent India in the International arena and also win laurels for their work.