Ladakh, is one of the most popular and favourite destinations across travel enthusiasts. It is located in the stateof Jammu and Kashmir, which is situated between the Kunlun mountain range in the north and the main Great Himalayas to the South. Leh , which once had the distinction of being the capital of the Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh is currently one of the major cities of the now Ladakh district, which has the credit of being the second largest district in India in terms of the spread of the land area. Historically, Ladakh was a trade hub due to its strategic location at the crossroads of vital trade routes bordering Kashgar, Tibet and Kashmir. However, as china has ceased operations across the borders with Tibet, there has been a steady decline in international trade. Close proximity to Tibetan culture has gained Ladakh the merit of being called the ‘Mini Tibet’ and is popularly called as the” last Shangrila” or ‘the Moon Land’ by the tourists. In yester years, the Ladakh region included the Baltistan (Baltiyul) valleys, the Indus Valley, the remote Zanskar, Lahaul and Spiti to the South, Aksai Chin and Ngari, including the Rudok region and Guge, in the East and the Nubra Valley to the North. Erstwhile Leh, had been a part ofGreater Ladakh and is believed to have witnessed various wars between China and Tibet in 7th and 8th century.